Mercredi 21 Février 2018
(Le Monde 16/07/13)
Des heurts, dans la nuit de lundi à mardi 16 juillet, entre pro et anti-Morsi et les forces de l'ordre ont fait au moins sept morts et 261 blessés au Caire, où l'annonce officielle du gouvernement de transition restait attendue pour mardi ou mercredi. Ces premiers heurts violents depuis une semaine se sont produits alors que le secrétaire d'Etat adjoint américain William Burns était accueilli sans enthousiasme dans la capitale égyptienne. Au terme d'une nouvelle soirée de rassemblements, lors de laquelle plusieurs dizaines de milliers de partisans de M. Morsi sont à nouveau descendus dans la rue, des échauffourées ont éclaté entre la police et quelque deux cents manifestants dans le secteur Ramsès, proche d'un des principaux ponts sur le...
(Le Figaro 16/07/13)
Alors que la capitale égyptienne vit une fragile transition politique depuis l'éviction de Mohammed Morsi, le nord du Sinaï est en proie à une recrudescence de violence, imputée à des partisans de l'ex-président islamiste. Ce lundi, l'attaque à la roquette d'un autobus transportant des ouvriers, à al-Arich, a coûté la vie à 3 personnes et blessé 17 autres. Selon le colonel Ahmed Ali, un porte-parole militaire, un «groupe terroriste» avait pris pour cible un véhicule de police, mais frappé par erreur celui des employés d'une cimenterie. L'incident, qui est survenu quelques heures après des affrontements opposant des hommes armés aux soldats égyptiens près de la frontière israélienne, est le dernier d'une longue liste d'attaques quotidiennes qui embrasent de nouveau cette...
(AFP 15/07/13)
LE CAIRE, 15 juillet 2013 (AFP) - Le secrétaire d'Etat adjoint américain Bill Burns a estimé lundi au Caire que la priorité en Egypte devait aller au dialogue et à la fin des violences, après la destitution par l'armée du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi. M. Burns, premier haut responsable américain à se rendre en Egypte depuis cette destitution le 3 juillet, a estimé que le pays ne courait pas le risque de vivre un scénario à la syrienne, à la révolte et la répression ont conduit à la guerre civile, selon une traduction en arabe de ses propos diffusée sur des chaînes arabes. Au cours de la journée, M. Burns a rencontré les principales autorités intérimaires du pays: le Premier...
(France 24 13/07/13)
Le Premier ministre Hazem el-Beblaoui, qui a entamé mercredi des consultations en vue de former un gouvernement, prévoit de constituer son cabinet d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine. Le Premier ministre de transition égyptien, Hazem el Beblaoui, a confié, mercredi 10 juillet, à l’agence Reuters qu'il prévoyait que le gouvernement par intérim serait formé d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine. Et ce, malgré le lourd climat de défiance entre le camp des laïcs anti-Morsi et les partisans de l'ex-président. "Les pourparlers avec les différents candidats se poursuivent et je m'attends à ce que nous achevions la formation du gouvernement d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine", a déclaré Hazem el Beblaoui, qui a été nommé Premier ministre mardi...
(The Africa Report 11/07/13)
As rhetorical battles raged last month, with analysts providing doomsday forecasts of an imminent water war, it was hightime someone poured a few gallons of realism on the Egypt-Ethiopia River Nile affair. As pressure from local opposition mounted in June, Egypt's President Mohammed Morsi sought to hit on a useful nationalist diversion in defending the sacred Nile. The now ousted Morsi's foreign minister, Mohamed Kamel Amr, said he would not surrender "a single drop" in negotiation over Ethiopia's $4.2bn Grand Renaissance Dam. But Ethiopia's energy minister, Alemayehu Tegenu, insisted it will take five to six years to fill the dam, stretching it out so that it will have minimal effects on Egypt and Sudan. A negotiating team, including Egypt, Sudan...
(BBC News Africa 10/07/13)
The main liberal opposition coalition in Egypt has rejected interim leader Adly Mansour's decree, which sets a new poll timetable to stop the unrest. The National Salvation Front (NSF) demanded more changes and consultation on the document. Both the Muslim Brotherhood, which supports ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, and the Tamarod protest movement earlier rejected the decree. The Mansour plan also envisages changes to the Islamist-drafted constitution. In other developments on Tuesday: Mr Mansour named ex-Finance Minister Hazem el-Beblawi as new Prime Minister in turn, Mr el-Beblawi pledged to give cabinet posts to Muslim Brotherhood members - an offer immediately rejected by Mohamed Kamal, senior member of the Brotherhood's political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) Defence Minister Abdel-Fattah...
(AL Jazeera 05/07/13)
As the situation unfolds in Egypt, attention turns to the wider implications of military intervention. Jacob Powell speaks to Dr. Larbi Sadiki, a leading scholar in the field of Arab democratisation and a regular contributor to these pages. He has authored two critically acclaimed books on the issue: Arab Democratization: Elections without Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2009) and The Search for Arab Democracy: Discourses and Counter-Discourses (Columbia University Press, 2004). Jacob Powell: Do you think Egypt is ready for democracy? Larbi Sadiki: I think the question is not really answerable. The question should be: “where is the infrastructure in place to facilitate democracy?” Democracy is an open-ended game that gets developed over a long time. What we have seen since...
(Voice of America 05/07/13)
The White House has cautioned Egyptian officials to avoid any arbitrary arrests of ousted President Mohamed Morsi and his supporters. President Barack Obama met with members of his national security team Thursday, some of whom had been in phone contact with top officials in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries. According to the White House, the U.S. officials stressed to the Egyptian officials the responsibility of all groups and parties in Egypt to avoid violence, and called for the return to an elected civilian government as soon as possible. Nobel prize-winning Egyptian diplomat Mohamed ElBaradei told The New York Times Thursday that the military takeover was the "least painful option" for Egypt. He said there is no presidential recall process...
(BBC News Africa 05/07/13)
Egypt's army has said it will guarantee the right to peaceful protest ahead of the traditional day for major rallies. Muslim Brotherhood supporters are expected to rally on Friday after the army deposed President Mohammed Morsi. New interim leader Adly Mahmud Mansour, the top judge of Egypt's constitutional court, has pledged to hold elections based on "the genuine people's will". Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said it refused to co-operate with the new regime. Mr Morsi is in detention, as well as senior figures in the Brotherhood - the Islamist group of which the former president is a member. Hundreds more are being sought. Early on Friday, one soldier was reported killed after Islamist militants attacked military and police checkpoints...
(AFP (eng) 03/07/13)
CAIRO, July 3, 2013 (AFP) - Mohamed Morsi, who was ousted by the army on Wednesday after a week of bloodshed and massive protests, insisted he remained Egypt's president in an amateur video recording posted on the Internet. "I am the elected president of Egypt," the Islamist politician said in the video uploaded to YouTube. "It is now demanded of the people to defend this legitimacy and... for legitimacy to be constitutional," he added in reference to his election a year ago and a constitutional referendum in December.
(CNN 03/07/13)
Cairo (CNN) -- Egypt's military deposed the country's first democratically elected president Wednesday night, installing the head of the country's highest court as an interim leader, the country's top general announced. Gen. Abdul Fattah Al-Sisi said the military was fulfilling its "historic responsibility" to protect the country by ousting Mohamed Morsy, the Western-educated Islamist leader elected a year ago. Morsy failed to meet demands to share power with opponents who thronged the streets of Cairo, and those crowds erupted as the announcement was made. Ahead of the statement, troops moved into key positions around the capital and surrounded a demonstration by Morsy's supporters in a Cairo suburb. Citing an unnamed presidential source, the state-run newspaper Al-Ahram reported that "the General...
(AFP (eng) 03/07/13)
A top aide to Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi slammed what he called a "military coup" on Wednesday as an army ultimatum passed and the security forces slapped a travel ban on the Islamist leader. "For the sake of Egypt and for historical accuracy, let's call what is happening by its real name: Military coup," Essam al-Haddad, Morsi's national security adviser, said in a statement on Facebook. As tension mounted and crowds poured into the streets to demand Morsi's resignation, Haddad said: "As I write these lines I am fully aware that these may be the last lines I get to post on this page." The announcement came after Morsi proposed a "consensus government" in a last-ditch bid to end Egypt's...
(AL Jazeera 03/07/13)
President insists he is the "guardian of legitimacy" as deadline from army looms. The Egyptian president, Mohamed Morsi, has said he will not step down as demanded by millions of protesters, vowing to protect his "constitutional legitimacy" with his life. Addressing the nation in a speech carried live on state television late on Tuesday, Morsi accused loyalists of his predecessor Hosni Mubarak of riding the current wave of protests to topple his regime. "There is no substitute for legitimacy," said Morsi, who has received an ultimatum from the military to work out his differences with the opposition by Wednesday or it will intervene to oversee the implementation of its own political road map. Morsi demanded earlier that the army withdraw...
(Voice of America 03/07/13)
Egypt's military says it is ready to defend the country against what it called terrorists and fools, hours after President Mohamed Morsi rejected its Wednesday deadline for reaching a deal with the opposition. In a Facebook statement entitled "The Final Hours," military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said Wednesday it would be more honorable for the army to die "than for the Egyptian people to feel threatened or terrorized." Hours earlier, President Morsi defended his legitimacy and rejected calls for his resignation. He also demanded the military withdraw its threat to intervene in the country's political crisis. The army has warned it will impose a "roadmap" for Egypt's future if differences between Morsi and his opponents are not resolved by 5:00...
(Le Monde 01/07/13)
Au lendemain de rassemblements qui ont réuni plusieurs millions de personnes à travers le pays, la crise politique s'aggrave en Egypte : le siège des Frères musulmans au Caire a été mis à sac, lundi 1er juillet, et plusieurs ministres auraient remis leur démission. Face à cet enlisement, l'armée a adressé un ultimatum de 48 heures aux forces politiques du pays. L'armée adresse un ultimatum Dans une allocution télévisée, lundi, le chef d'état-major de l'armée égyptienne a accordé 48 heures aux responsables politiques pour "satisfaire les demandes du peuple", expliquant que celles-ci ont été exprimées d'une manière "sans précédent" et que le pays ne peut plus se permettre de perdre du temps. Le général Abdel Fatah al Sisi n'a pas...
(Ahram Online 20/06/13)
Two weeks ahead of planned nationwide protests 30 June, Egypt's Islamist rulers - and separately the army - consider their options. Having received identical reports on wide and increasing support of planned 30 June demonstrations demanding early presidential elections, President Mohamed Morsi and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) are independently considering their options. For his part, Morsi has demanded the announced support of both the grand imam of Al-Azhar, who some Islamists called for his removal, and the patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church, whose inauguration Morsi declined to attend despite a prior visit to Abbaseya Cathedral to attend Christmas Mass when he was a presidential runner. Both Ahmed El-Tayeb, the grand imam of Al-Azhar, and Pope...
(Ahram Online 19/06/13)
As opposition parties and groups brace for 30 June anti-govt rallies – and with Egypt's Islamist camp mulling parallel counter-demonstrations – the spectre of renewed political violence looms disturbingly large. As many Egyptians prepare to hit the streets nationwide on 30 June to mark the end of President Mohamed Morsi's first year in office, the planned protests have come to the forefront of Egypt's domestic political scene amid mounting discontent with the country's post-revolution leadership. The planned demonstrations, called for by Egypt's anti-Morsi 'Rebel' signature drive to demand snap presidential polls, are expected to be the largest since the 25 January uprising's second anniversary. Some campaigners are even billing the event as a 'second revolution.' Within the last two months,...
(AFP (eng) 17/06/13)
Egypt's Islamist President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday announced the "definitive" severing of relations with war-torn Syria, which is suffering from more than two years of civil war. Egypt "decided today to definitively break off relations with the current regime in Syria, to close that regime's embassy in Cairo and to recall Egypt's charge d'affaires" from Damascus, Morsi told thousands of supporters in a Cairo stadium for a "Support for Syria" rally. Calling on the international community to impose a "no-fly zone" over Syria, Morsi also said he had made "contact with Arab and Muslim states to organise an emergency support meeting" for the Syrian people. He denounced the intervention in the conflict of powerful Lebanese Shiite movement Hezbollah, which recently...
(BBC News Africa 17/06/13)
Syria has condemned Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi for cutting off diplomatic relations between the two countries. Mr Morsi had joined a "choir of conspiracy and incitement led by America", an "official source" told the state-run Sana news agency. Mr Morsi also demanded that the Lebanese Shia movement Hezbollah withdraw from the fighting in Syria. Some Sunni Muslim clerics have urged support for rebels in Syria. Addressing a rally in support of the Syrian opposition on Saturday, Mr Morsi said that Syria's embassy in Cairo would be shut and Egypt's representative withdrawn from Damascus. He also called on the international community to impose a no-fly zone over the country. Syria said the move was "irresponsible" and was part of an attempt...
(AFP (eng) 17/06/13)
Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi, in severing ties with Damascus, aims to show solidarity with Western and fellow Arab states opposed to Syria's regime and also boost his under-fire image at home, analysts said. Morsi, an Islamist from the Muslim Brotherhood, told supporters in a Cairo stadium for a "Support for Syria" rally on Saturday that he was going to "definitively" cut diplomatic relations with Syria. The Syrian government on Sunday slammed the decision. Morsi had joined the "conspiracy and incitement led by the United States and Israel against Syria by announcing the cutting of ties," an unnamed official told Syria's state news agency SANA. He accused Morsi of announcing the cut in ties to deflect attention from domestic crises. On...

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