Lundi 25 Septembre 2017
(La Voix de l'Amérique 13/07/13)
En ce premier vendredi de ramadan, des milliers de partisans du président déchu se sont rassemblés, tandis que les adversaires de M. Morsi devaient se mobiliser sur la place Tahrir, à l'occasion de la rupture du jeûne. Les partisans du président égyptien déchu Mohamed Morsi se sont à nouveau mobilisés dans la capitale égyptienne, répondant aux appels des Frères musulmans à manifester dans tout le pays contre le gouvernement intérimaire soutenu par l'armée. Des milliers de manifestants pro-Morsi se sont rassemblés devant la mosquée Rabaah el-Adawiya au Caire, scandant «Dites la vérité.» Depuis le renversement du président islamiste le 3 juillet, les partisans des Frères musulmans n’ont cessé de réclamer son retour au pouvoir en tant que président élu. Le...
(France 24 13/07/13)
Le Premier ministre Hazem el-Beblaoui, qui a entamé mercredi des consultations en vue de former un gouvernement, prévoit de constituer son cabinet d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine. Le Premier ministre de transition égyptien, Hazem el Beblaoui, a confié, mercredi 10 juillet, à l’agence Reuters qu'il prévoyait que le gouvernement par intérim serait formé d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine. Et ce, malgré le lourd climat de défiance entre le camp des laïcs anti-Morsi et les partisans de l'ex-président. "Les pourparlers avec les différents candidats se poursuivent et je m'attends à ce que nous achevions la formation du gouvernement d'ici le début de la semaine prochaine", a déclaré Hazem el Beblaoui, qui a été nommé Premier ministre mardi...
(France 24 13/07/13)
C'est l'un des premiers changements concrets observés depuis la destitution de Mohamed Morsi : les queues aux pompes à essence et les coupures d’électricité semblent s’être évaporées comme par enchantement. De quoi alimenter les spéculations. "Depuis la minute où Mohamed Morsi est parti, il y a de l’essence dans les stations services. Depuis cette minute-là, tout va bien !" Anour Saïd, chauffeur d’un taxi où il vient d’entasser sa famille, exulte. À ses côtés, sa femme appuie chacun de ses propos. "Pendant un an, la vie a été très difficile. Il y avait des coupures d’eau, d’électricité et pas de carburant... Mais maintenant tout est revenu à la normale." Depuis la destitution du président Mohamed Morsi par l’armée le 3...
(AFP 12/07/13)
Des dizaines de milliers de partisans de Mohamed Morsi se sont rassemblés vendredi au Caire pour exiger le retour de leur président renversé par l'armée, dans un climat de tension et de fortes incertitudes. Les anti-Morsi avaient pour leur part prévu une démonstration de force sur la place Tahrir ainsi qu'aux abords du palais présidentiel en fin de journée, à l'occasion de la rupture du jeûne, traduisant la poursuite du bras de fer entre les deux camps rivaux. Dès la mi-journée, la foule était déjà très nombreuse devant la mosquée Rabaa al-Adawiya, dans le quartier de Nasr City, que des partisans du président islamiste déchu occupent sans discontinuer depuis deux semaines. Un coran dans une main, un drapeau égyptien dans...
(AFP 12/07/13)
Pour Mohamed, vendeur de lampions de 28 ans, le ramadan est traditionnellement l'occasion de réjouissances. Mais, cette année, peu de lanternes ont été accrochées dans les rues du Caire en l'honneur du mois sacré, assombri par l'intense crise politique en Egypte. "Cette année, il n'y a pas l'atmosphère de joie habituelle. On est inquiet", affirme Fawziya, une des rares personnes à faire des achats sur ce marché du Caire, en ce deuxième jour de ramadan. L'Egypte, pays le plus peuplé du monde arabe (84 millions d'habitants) vit dans un climat d'extrême tension depuis le renversement le 3 juillet par l'armée du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi, à la suite de manifestations massives. Près d'une centaine de personnes ont été tuées et...
(Bloomberg 12/07/13)
Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood plans new protests today against the army’s ouster of Islamist Mohamed Mursi as president and the military-backed interim administration that’s seeking to arrest its leaders. “Millions of Egyptians are going to flood Cairo’s streets tomorrow defending their choice and their legitimate president and opposing dictatorship,” Hamza Zawba, a spokesman for the Brotherhood’s political arm, said yesterday by phone. Security forces have arrested a number of Brotherhood officials since the military swept Mursi from power July 3 on a wave of protests by critics who accused him of leading an Islamist power grab. Prosecutors issued arrest warrants on July 10 for Mohammed Badie, the group’s top official, and nine other Islamists on grounds they ignited a confrontation in...
(Voice of America 11/07/13)
An Amnesty International official says respect for human rights can be a critical element in addressing Egypt’s political crisis. Geoffrey Mock, the Egypt country specialist for Amnesty International, says a first step is to hold the country’s security agencies accountable for their actions. “We have to restore trust,” said Mock. “The country is very polarized now and the way to move forward is through an independent and public and impartial investigation of all these killings, and holding those accountable for any abuses that this investigation finds.” The rights group has demanded an independent inquiry into the death of more than 50 protesters following the ouster last week of democratically-elected president Mohammed Morsi. Some analysts contend that the strong public support...
(The Africa Report 11/07/13)
As rhetorical battles raged last month, with analysts providing doomsday forecasts of an imminent water war, it was hightime someone poured a few gallons of realism on the Egypt-Ethiopia River Nile affair. As pressure from local opposition mounted in June, Egypt's President Mohammed Morsi sought to hit on a useful nationalist diversion in defending the sacred Nile. The now ousted Morsi's foreign minister, Mohamed Kamel Amr, said he would not surrender "a single drop" in negotiation over Ethiopia's $4.2bn Grand Renaissance Dam. But Ethiopia's energy minister, Alemayehu Tegenu, insisted it will take five to six years to fill the dam, stretching it out so that it will have minimal effects on Egypt and Sudan. A negotiating team, including Egypt, Sudan...
(BBC News Africa 10/07/13)
The main liberal opposition coalition in Egypt has rejected interim leader Adly Mansour's decree, which sets a new poll timetable to stop the unrest. The National Salvation Front (NSF) demanded more changes and consultation on the document. Both the Muslim Brotherhood, which supports ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, and the Tamarod protest movement earlier rejected the decree. The Mansour plan also envisages changes to the Islamist-drafted constitution. In other developments on Tuesday: Mr Mansour named ex-Finance Minister Hazem el-Beblawi as new Prime Minister in turn, Mr el-Beblawi pledged to give cabinet posts to Muslim Brotherhood members - an offer immediately rejected by Mohamed Kamal, senior member of the Brotherhood's political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) Defence Minister Abdel-Fattah...
(CNN 10/07/13)
When people took to Egypt’s streets in 2011, they demanded not just freedom and social justice, but also bread. Indeed, frustration with high levels of poverty, unemployment and meager economic opportunities were a major trigger for the initial protests. A little more than a year into his presidency and it was clear Mohamed Morsy had done little to improve Egypt’s perilous economic situation. He has been duly swept from office, but whatever government comes next is left with the same challenge of balancing the competing demands of the Egyptian economy and the country’s people. On one side, the Egyptian people are demanding that key commodities, principally fuel and food, continue to be subsidized. On the other, international financial institutions insist...
(AFP (eng) 09/07/13)
Egypt's interim leader vowed fresh elections by early next year as Islamists prepared to rally Tuesday after dozens of ousted president Mohamed Morsi's loyalists died in clashes at a Cairo military barracks. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood, which has led demonstrations against last week's military overthrow of the Islamist leader, called for an "uprising" after accusing troops and police of "massacring" its supporters during dawn prayers on Monday. "Each province is organising funerals and rallies (Tuesday), and each province will have a central sit-in," Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad told AFP. Amid the widening chasm in the restive country, interim president Adly Mansour issued a decree setting a timetable for a referendum on an amended constitution and then for parliamentary elections. The whole...
(eNCA 09/07/13)
CAIRO - Egypt was rocked Monday by the deadliest day since its Islamist president was toppled by the military, with more than 50 of his supporters killed by security forces as the country's top Muslim cleric raised the specter of civil war. The military found itself on the defensive after the bloodshed, but the interim president drove ahead with the army's political plan. He issued a swift timetable for the process of amending the Islamist-backed constitution and set parliamentary and presidential elections for early 2014. The killings further entrenched the battle lines between supporters and opponents of ousted President Mohammed Morsi, who was removed by the military July 3 after a year in office following mass demonstrations by millions of...
(eNCA 09/07/13)
CAIRO - Journalists for the pan-Arab broadcaster Al-Jazeera have been kicked out of a news conference being held by Egypt's military on the killing of at least 54 people, most of them supporters of Egypt's ousted president, outside an army facility. Qatar-based Al-Jazeera was founded by the Gulf nation's ruling family. The tiny but wealthy country was a strong supporter of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, who was toppled by the military on Wednesday. The station broadcast graphic images of those killed and wounded in the violence on Monday outside a military facility. During the news conference, one journalist stood up and demanded Al-Jazeera reporters be excluded from the proceedings. The Al-Jazeera reporters eventually walked out accompanied by chants of "Out!...
(Voice of America 08/07/13)
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood says its supporters have been fired on during a protest outside a military building where deposed President Mohamed Morsi is believed to be held, leaving as many as 34 people dead. The violence Monday in Cairo happened near a Republican Guard compound. Reuters quoted the military saying a "terrorist group" had tried to storm the building, and that one soldier was killed. Tensions between supporters and opponents of Mr. Morsi have been high since the military ousted him last Wednesday. The two sides have staged massive rallies in Cairo and other cities, some of which have turned violent. Clashes on Friday left at least 36 people dead and more than 1,000 injured nationwide. The country's interim leaders...
(AL Jazeera 08/07/13)
At least 35 dead in shootings at sit-in in Egyptian capital, demanding reinstatement of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. A deadly shooting at the site of a sit-in by Muslim Brotherhood supporters in Cairo, demanding the reinstatement of ousted President Mohamed Morsi, has left many people dead. A Brotherhood spokesman said 35 of its supporters were killed in the shootings, a toll later confirmed by the Egyptian health ministry. Mohamed Mohamed Ibrahim El-Beltagy, a Brotherhood MP, described the incident during the early hours of Monday as a "massacre" during dawn prayers, after police had stormed the site. About 500 people were also reportedly injured. A doctor told Al Jazeera that "the majority of injured had gunshot wounds to the head". The...
(Reuters (Eng) 07/07/13)
America's wealthiest universities are venturing into Africa's fast-growing frontier markets in search of outsized investment returns that will allow them to offer scholarships, lure star professors and fund research. For Sub-Saharan Africa, recognition from these deep-pocketed U.S. institutions, who have often earned envy among fellow global investors for their strong returns, marks a significant shift. American university endowments - permanent funds of educational institutions - pride themselves on spotting new investment opportunities early, such as venture capital, private equity and natural resources such as timber. Combined, they manage assets of over $400 billion. A study of 831 endowments by the Commonfund Institute and the National Association of College and University Business Officers published this year showed their annual net returns...
(AL Jazeera 05/07/13)
As the situation unfolds in Egypt, attention turns to the wider implications of military intervention. Jacob Powell speaks to Dr. Larbi Sadiki, a leading scholar in the field of Arab democratisation and a regular contributor to these pages. He has authored two critically acclaimed books on the issue: Arab Democratization: Elections without Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2009) and The Search for Arab Democracy: Discourses and Counter-Discourses (Columbia University Press, 2004). Jacob Powell: Do you think Egypt is ready for democracy? Larbi Sadiki: I think the question is not really answerable. The question should be: “where is the infrastructure in place to facilitate democracy?” Democracy is an open-ended game that gets developed over a long time. What we have seen since...
(Reuters (Eng) 05/07/13)
CAIRO — The ouster of President Mohamed Morsi may give Egypt's economy its best chance since the 2011 revolution to escape a downward spiral of currency weakness, capital flight and crumbling state finances. The departure of Morsi will not provide any quick or easy fixes to problems such as dangerously low foreign reserves, a ballooning budget deficit and high unemployment. But many businessmen and economists hope for the appointment of a more technocratic administration that would address these problems methodically, while luring back some of the investors and money which have fled the country. “I think Egypt will start taking very strong steps to strengthen the economy...I think a lot of investment will come in,” said Medhat Khalil, chairman of...
(Voice of America 05/07/13)
The White House has cautioned Egyptian officials to avoid any arbitrary arrests of ousted President Mohamed Morsi and his supporters. President Barack Obama met with members of his national security team Thursday, some of whom had been in phone contact with top officials in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries. According to the White House, the U.S. officials stressed to the Egyptian officials the responsibility of all groups and parties in Egypt to avoid violence, and called for the return to an elected civilian government as soon as possible. Nobel prize-winning Egyptian diplomat Mohamed ElBaradei told The New York Times Thursday that the military takeover was the "least painful option" for Egypt. He said there is no presidential recall process...
(BBC News Africa 05/07/13)
Egypt's army has said it will guarantee the right to peaceful protest ahead of the traditional day for major rallies. Muslim Brotherhood supporters are expected to rally on Friday after the army deposed President Mohammed Morsi. New interim leader Adly Mahmud Mansour, the top judge of Egypt's constitutional court, has pledged to hold elections based on "the genuine people's will". Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said it refused to co-operate with the new regime. Mr Morsi is in detention, as well as senior figures in the Brotherhood - the Islamist group of which the former president is a member. Hundreds more are being sought. Early on Friday, one soldier was reported killed after Islamist militants attacked military and police checkpoints...

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